Mutual Accountability and Agriculture Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs)


One of the guiding principles of CAADP is mutual accountability. At the country level, the agriculture Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs) are a key instrument for realizing this accountability and for implementing the CAADP Results Framework. In particular, JSRs provide a platform for assessing the performance of the agricultural sector and how well government and nongovernment stakeholders have implemented their commitments, as stipulated in CAADP compacts, national agricultural and food security investment plans, and related cooperation agreements.

What is mutual accountability?

Mutual Accountability is the process by which two or more parties hold one another accountable for the commitments they have voluntarily made to one another.

Accordingly, the commitment of diverse stakeholders to the process is maintained, largely, through positive incentives and the desire to protect reputation as opposed to sanctions. The following conditions should obtain in a mutual accountability process.

  • A shared agenda and objectives that brings together all the partners as a basis of cooperative action
  • Existence of performance information based on mutually agreed performance criteria
  • Genuine dialogue and debate process based on mutual consent, common values and trust


ReSAKSS has been making efforts to strengthen African countries’ capacity to undertake agriculture JSRs that are more comprehensive, inclusive, and robust. In 2014, ReSAKSS led efforts to assess agricultural review processes and to lay the groundwork for the planning, coordination, and execution of stronger JSRs in seven pilot countries—namely, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, and Tanzania. In 2015, ReSAKSS provided ongoing technical support for JSR enhancement activities in the 7 pilot countries and conducted JSR assessments in 11 new countries, in collaboration with AUC, NPCA, Africa Lead, the CAADP Non-State Actors Coalition, and the AGRODEP Modeling Consortium. The 11 countries are Benin, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, DRC, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia. Also in 2015, ReSAKSS and key partners provided technical support to the Economic Community of West African States to help establish its regional JSR.

In addition to reviewing the status and quality of agriculture JSRs or related processes in which a “proper” JSR does not yet exist, the assessments collected and analyzed data on key outcome indicators and reviewed the institutional and policy landscapes in each country, including progress in meeting key commitments. ReSAKSS will be conducting JSR assessments in an additional 12 countries in 2016: Cape Verde, Congo, Djibouti, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Namibia, Nigeria, Seychelles, and Zimbabwe.

Findings of the JSR assessments have helped advance JSR and mutual accountability processes in the countries. For example, countries with ongoing JSR processes, such as Ghana and Malawi, incorporated JSR best practices and recommendations of the assessments in their JSR meetings held in June and October of 2014, respectively. Meanwhile, countries with no previous JSR processes took steps to establish them. For example, the government of Burkina Faso revised a decree on establishing the country’s JSR process to reflect outcomes of the country’s JSR assessment related to inclusivity, thematic coverage, reporting, and review. In Mozambique, ReSAKSS will support the country in holding a JSR in 2016 and help to ensure that the country incorporates JSR best practices and recommendations of the JSR assessment.

In addition, ReSAKSS incorporated findings of the assessments in its work to help implement annual country level reviews for the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (New Alliance) as part of its support to mutual accountability processes. The support included collection of data on progress made by governments on their New Alliance policy commitments, preparation of country level reports, and their synthesis into a continental level report.

Download JSR reports:

  • Burkina Faso Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ethiopia Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ghana Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Malawi Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Mozambique Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Senegal Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Tanzania Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report| DOWNLOAD