Strengthening CAADP Mutual Accountability Processes

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The African Union Commission (AUC) and NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) have adopted both a mutual accountability framework, which sets out principles for mutual review, and a results framework, intended to guide the tracking of performance indicators for the next decade of CAADP.

They have designated ReSAKSS as the primary knowledge and support platform for reviewing, benchmarking, and learning from ongoing progress in implementing the CAADP agenda. Integral to its mandate, ReSAKSS supports efforts to introduce or strengthen agricultural joint sector review (JSR) practices and provides technical support to the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process.

Mutual accountability is a process by which two or more partners agree to be held responsible for voluntary commitments they make to each other. The process requires trust and partnership around shared agendas supported by evidence collected and shared among all partners in order to create incentives for the parties to meet their commitments over time. For more information, see the Mutual Accountability Framework for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme.

Agricultural joint sector reviews (JSRs)

Agricultural joint sector reviews (JSRs) are an integral part of the transition to inclusive, evidence-based policy planning and implementation. In particular, the reviews form a platform for collectively reviewing the effectiveness of policies and institutions in the agricultural sector, as well as assessing the extent to which intended results and outcomes are being realized. In this way, all stakeholders are able to hold each other accountable for the fulfillment of commitments made under CAADP compacts, national agricultural investment plans, and related agreements. By allowing a broad spectrum of stakeholders to influence and gain insights into agricultural policies and priorities, JSRs serve as a management and policy support tool for developing the sector through inclusive planning, programming, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation.

ReSAKSS, in collaboration with country stakeholders, AUC, NPCA, and other development partners, facilitates agriculture JSRs that are regular, inclusive, comprehensive, and technically robust. Since 2014, ReSAKSS has conducted assessments of JSRs in 18 countries and one regional economic community (the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS) to evaluate both the institutional and policy landscape and the quality of current agricultural review processes and to develop action plans for improving or establishing best-practice JSRs. The 18 countries are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Outcomes of the assessments have been used to strengthen agriculture JSR processes where they exist (for example, Ghana and Malawi) and establish new JSRs (for example, Senegal and Burkina Faso).

CAADP Biennial Review

Through the 2014 Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, African leaders committed to advancing mutual accountability by conducting a continental level biennial agricultural review to monitor and report on progress made on seven broad commitments. The first Biennial Review (BR) took place during the 30th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of African Union (AU) heads of state and government in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from January 28-29, 2018.

ReSAKSS provides technical assistance to the CAADP Biennial Review process, which reviews country, regional, and continental progress toward meeting the 2014 Malabo Declaration commitments, as mandated by African heads of state and government. To support the inaugural Biennial Review, ReSAKSS contributed to the (1) development of technical guidelines, tools, and indicators; (2) training of more than 150 national experts from 52 countries; (3) development of a user-friendly interface for data entry and automatic generation of scorecards; and (4) efforts by countries and regional economic communities related to data collection and analysis, data entry, and drafting of country reports, regional summaries, and the continental report. ReSAKSS also supports AUC and NPCA in drawing lessons to strengthen the review process, methodologies, and tools.

Download JSR reports:

  • Burkina Faso Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ethiopia Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ghana Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Malawi Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Mozambique Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Senegal Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Tanzania Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report| DOWNLOAD