Strengthening CAADP Mutual Accountability Processes


by Babacar | September 13, 2019

Français (French)

The African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) have adopted both a mutual accountability framework, which sets out principles for mutual review, and a results framework, intended to guide the tracking of performance indicators for the next decade of CAADP.

They have designated ReSAKSS as the primary knowledge and support platform for reviewing, benchmarking, and learning from ongoing progress in implementing the CAADP agenda. Integral to its mandate, it supports efforts to introduce or strengthen agricultural joint sector review (JSR) practices and provides technical support to the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process.

Mutual accountability is a process by which two or more partners agree to be held responsible for voluntary commitments they make to each other. The process requires trust and partnership around shared agendas supported by evidence collected and shared among all partners in order to create incentives for the parties to meet their commitments over time. For more information, see the Mutual Accountability Framework for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme.

Agricultural joint sector reviews (JSRs)

Agricultural joint sector reviews (JSRs) are an integral part of the transition to inclusive, evidence-based policy planning and implementation. In particular, the reviews form a platform for collectively reviewing the effectiveness of policies and institutions in the agricultural sector, as well as assessing the extent to which intended results and outcomes are being realized. In this way, all stakeholders are able to hold each other accountable for the fulfillment of commitments made under CAADP compacts, national agricultural investment plans, and related agreements. By allowing a broad spectrum of stakeholders to influence and gain insights into agricultural policies and priorities, JSRs serve as a management and policy support tool for developing the sector through inclusive planning, programming, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation.

ReSAKSS, in collaboration with country stakeholders, AUC, AUDA-NEPAD, and other development partners, facilitates agriculture JSRs that are regular, inclusive, comprehensive, and technically robust. Since 2014, ReSAKSS has conducted assessments of JSRs in 21 countries and two RECs (the Economic Community of West African States–ECOWAS and East African Community–EAC) to evaluate both the institutional and policy landscape and the quality of current agricultural review processes and to develop action plans for improving or establishing best-practice JSRs.  Outcomes of the assessments have been used to strengthen agriculture JSR processes where they exist (for example, Ghana and Malawi) and establish new JSRs (for example, Senegal and Burkina Faso).

CAADP Biennial Review

Through the 2014 Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, African leaders committed to advancing mutual accountability by conducting a continental level biennial agricultural review to monitor and report on progress made on seven broad commitments.

ReSAKSS also supports mutual accountability by providing technical assistance to the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process, which reviews progress toward meeting the 2014 Malabo Declaration commitments, as mandated by African heads of state and government. As part of the BR Task Force set up by AUC and AUDA-NEPAD, ReSAKSS participated in several meetings of the Task Force to improve the BR process, indicators, and methods in preparation for the 2019 Biannual Review exercise and report to be launched in January 2020. ReSAKSS also contributed to the (1) training of more than 250national experts from over 50 countries on the BR guidelines and tools; (2) development of the eBiennial Review (eBR), an interactive web-based data platform to facilitate BR data collection, analysis, access, management, and reporting at the country, regional, and continental levels; and (3) efforts by countries and regional economic communities related to data collection and analysis, data entry, and drafting of BR reports.

Download JSR reports:

  • Zimbabwe Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Swaziland Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Burkina Faso Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ethiopia Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ghana Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Malawi Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Mozambique Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Senegal Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Tanzania Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report| DOWNLOAD