Dr. Ugo Gentilini is Global Lead for Social Assistance with the Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice at the World Bank. His interests encompass the research and practice on social protection from high-income countries to fragile states. With a PhD in Economics, he has published extensively on social assistance in the context of labor markets, urbanization, food security and nutrition, subsidy reforms, humanitarian assistance, displacement and mobility. His recent books include Exploring Universal Basic Income (2020), Adaptive Social Protection (2020), and The 1.5 Billion People Question: Food, Vouchers or Cash Transfers? (2017). Currently leading the global tracker of social protection responses to COVID-19, he has been a team member of the World Development Report since 2019. Co-founder of the flagship “The State of Social Safety Nets in the World Series”, since 2016, he has been producing a weekly newsletter on social protection, reaching thousands of subscribers.