Strengthening CAADP Mutual Accountability Processes

The African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) have adopted both a mutual accountability framework, which sets out principles for mutual review, and a results framework, intended to guide the tracking of performance indicators for the next decade of CAADP.

They have designated ReSAKSS as the primary knowledge and support platform for reviewing, benchmarking, and learning from ongoing progress in implementing the CAADP agenda. Integral to its mandate, ReSAKSS supports efforts to introduce or strengthen agricultural joint sector review (JSR) practices and provides technical support to the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process.

Mutual accountability is a process by which two or more partners agree to be held responsible for voluntary commitments they make to each other. The process requires trust and partnership around shared agendas supported by evidence collected and shared among all partners in order to create incentives for the parties to meet their commitments over time. For more information, see the Mutual Accountability Framework for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme.

Agriculture joint sector reviews (JSRs) are an integral part of the transition to inclusive, evidence-based policy planning and implementation. In particular, the reviews form a platform for collectively reviewing the effectiveness of policies and institutions in the agricultural sector, as well as the fulfillment of commitments made under CAADP compacts, national agricultural investment plans, and related agreements. By allowing a broad spectrum of stakeholders to influence and gain insights into agricultural policies and priorities, JSRs serve as a management and policy support tool for developing the sector through inclusive planning, programming, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation.

ReSAKSS, in collaboration with country stakeholders, AUC, AUDA-NEPAD, and other development partners, facilitates agriculture JSRs that are regular, inclusive, comprehensive, and technically robust. Since 2014, ReSAKSS has conducted assessments of JSRs in 21 countries and two regional economic communities (the Economic Community of West African States–ECOWAS, and the East African Community–EAC) to evaluate both the institutional and policy landscape and the quality of current agricultural review processes and to develop action plans for improving or establishing best-practice JSRs. The 21 countries are Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, Seychelles, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Outcomes of the assessments have been used to strengthen agriculture JSR processes where they exist (for example, Ghana and Malawi) and establish new JSRs (for example, Senegal and Burkina Faso).

Download JSR reports:

  • Burkina Faso Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Eswatini Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ethiopia Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Ghana Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Malawi Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Mozambique Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Senegal Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Tanzania Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report| DOWNLOAD
  • Uganda Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Zambia Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD
  • Zimbabwe Agriculture Joint Sector Review Assessment Report | DOWNLOAD

Through the 2014 Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, African leaders committed to advancing mutual accountability by conducting a continental level biennial agricultural review to monitor and report on progress made on seven broad commitments. The first Biennial Review (BR) took place during the 30th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of African Union (AU) heads of state and government in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in January 2018, and the second BR followed at the 33rd Ordinary Session in February 2020.

ReSAKSS provides technical assistance to the CAADP BR process, which reviews country, regional, and continental progress toward meeting the 2014 Malabo Declaration commitments, as mandated by African heads of state and government. In support of the CAADP BR, ReSAKSS contributes to the (1) definition and refinement of BR indicators, templates, guidelines, tools, and scorecard methodology; (2) training of AU member states on the BR refinements; (3) data collection, analysis, reporting, and validation at the country level; (3) development and improvement of the eBR, a user-friendly data entry and management tool; and (4) drafting of country reports, regional summaries, and the continental BR report. Following the launch of a BR report and scorecard, ReSAKSS 1) works collaboratively with regional economic communities and countries to produce regional and country BR briefs that are used to disseminate and communicate the results of the BR; and 2) actively leads or co-leads BR Technical Working Groups for Malabo themes  1, 2, 4, 5, and 7 and provides technical support and recommendations for improving the BR scorecard methodology, indicators, guidelines, and tools in preparation for the next BR.

ReSAKSS recently published analysis on the 2019 BR through country and regional briefs. The briefs highlight policy and programmatic adjustments made by countries and regional economic communities (RECs) in order to meet the Malabo commitments by 2025.

Download 2019 BR Briefs:

Country BR Briefs Regional BR Briefs
Botswana East African Community (EAC)
Burkina Faso Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Eswatini Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Download BR Reports:

  • 2017 (First) Biennial Review Report | DOWNLOAD
  • 2019 (Second) Biennial Review Report | DOWNLOAD